Existing General Land Use
San Jose City has a total land area of 18,725 ha. which is roughly 3.25% of the total land area of the Province of Nueva Ecija of 5,751.33 sq. km. The City is politically subdivided into 38 barangays divided into 10 urban and 28 rural classification.
Urban Land Use Pattern
The physiographic characteristics of the city over the past ten years has changed due to urbanization and past and existing policies. It has reflected a ribbon-type trend of spatial development and is characterized by the following:
a. Urban sprawl in the fringes of the Poblacion area towards Brgy. Malasin in the northeast, Brgy. Calaocan in the southeast, Brgy. Abar 1st in the southwest and Brgy. Sto. Niño 1st in the western portion of the city. Conversion of prime agricultural lands to urban use particularly along the national and provincial roads attest to this fact.
b. Increasing population density in the Poblacion area comprising Barangays C. Sanchez, R. Eugenio, C. Ramos, R. Rueda and F.E. Marcos. Location of commercial areas are concentrated in the Poblacion area and along Maharlika Highway from the stretch of Brgy. Sto. Tomas to Brgy. Tayabo.
c. Development of large scale residential subdivisions along the provincial road towards Brgy. Sto. Nino 3rd.
d. Location of agro-industrial site continue to develop in the Barangays of Calaocan and Tulat and spread out towards the southeastern portion of the city, specifically Brgy. San Juan and Brgy. Villa Joson.
e. Industrial site remains to be located in the portions of Brgy. Abar 2nd, Sto. Nino 2nd and Sto. Nino 3rd.
Given these spatial characteristics, an appropriate land use pattern should be able to sustain, promote and establish a self-sustaining economic structure within the context of a balanced agro-industrial type of development. Overall, a land use policy should promote the establishment of strong urban-rural interaction by establishing an urban sector that is strongly supportive and complementary to its rural counterpart in terms of production, consumption and service requirements. Such a policy should capitalize on the comparative advantages of each barangay.